Study Guide for Abnormal Psychology

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SHALLOW AFFECT: emotional poverty or a limited range or depth of feelings; interpersonal coldness in spite of signs of open gregariousness and superficial warmth. 8. Such unpleasant situations may arise either from within, in its simplest form as tissue deprivation, or from without, by the infliction of pain or injury. I now turn to ambivalence approaches to prejudice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59, 73–91. At the same time, other states had just a tiny fraction of their inmates in solitary confinement.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy Skills Training for Integrated

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Western culture’s dominant ideas about selfhood have changed and evolved dramatically over the past few centuries (see Baumeister, 1987; Twenge & Campbell, 2001). Journal of Organizational Behavior, 30(2), 249–267. doi:10.1002/job.593. Although some persons and religions regard Evil as essential and in primary opposition to the Good, others view it as secondary and existing because of the actions of humans; still others view it as illusory, as existing only as an object of our perception.

Strengths-Based Counseling With At-Risk Youth

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Germany was not alone in its malignant nationalism. In this lecture, I intend to show how Darwin’s ideas apply to an understanding of human behavior, and why such ideas might be “dangerous,” and at the same time indispensable to understanding where we have come from and why we do what we do. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 368–375. More striking still was the change in her character. Journal of Economic Psychology, 27(4), 463–482.

Abnormal Psychology (2nd Edition)

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People who study norm violations are interested in society's failures like the criminal, the mentally ill, or the school dropout. In line with this reasoning, Fazio and Williams (1986) found that voters who reported their evaluations of candidates quickly were subsequently more likely to vote for their preferred candidate than were voters who reported their evaluations more slowly. High-heeled and platform shoes are another example: many women wear them because they think it makes them look attractive despite the pain, back problems, and lack of coordination that such shoes often cause.

Memory Matters: Contexts for Understanding Sexual Abuse

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The region represented by the dotted line repels trajectories, whereas the stable regions (those surrounding values c and d on the x-axis) attract trajectories. Hooker earned a PhD in psychology in the early 1930s – not an easy achievement for an American woman of that era – and was teaching at UCLA when a former student who had become a friend challenged her to study him and his other gay male friends. "Science" was pretty clear in its attitudes toward homosexuality in the mid-20th century.

Schizophrenia And Anxiety

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Individual heuristics and the dynamics of cooperation in large groups. The inclusion of habits is also noteworthy; many researchers have found that past behavior predicts future behavior even when attitudes and norms are held constant (see Ouellette & Wood, 1998). A similarly reduced significance was granted to the external environment of neighboring societies: first, because its influence can be felt only through the prior mediation of the internal environment; and second, because this would make present social facts dependent on past events.

Cognitive Therapy for Personality Disorders: A

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The functional approach to the study of attitudes. In two studies, Kaiser and Miller (2001) showed that a Black person who attributed a failing grade on a test to discrimination was perceived by Whites as being a complainer and was evaluated less positively than was a Black person attributing the failure to the low quality of his answers on the test. Groups afford a sense of belonging, a sense of purpose, perhaps even a sense of identity. For example, perceived social standing of U. LINKING RELATIONSHIPAND JUSTICE RESEARCH Having reviewed some relationship work suggesting what interpersonal processes and interpersonal skills make a personal relationship such as a friendship, romantic relationship, marriage, or family relationship a high-quality relationship, we turn to linking this work to work on the use of distributive justice rules.

Theory of Mind and the Triad of Perspectives on Autism and

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He cites studies that find that those who refrain from expressing negative emotions and in turn use different strategies to cope with the stresses of life also tend to be happier (Seligman 2002, p. 69). The bottom half shows the molecular structure of each a subunit of the nicotinic receptor based on cDNA derived amino acid sequence. Basic research in affective science has identified the active ingredients that would be required in order for such a system of skills and abilities to have maximum impact on overall emotional fitness.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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Fourth, and perhaps most important, well–being set points can change under some conditions. The human mind has small emotional partitions and an immensely wise RI, the prefrontal intelligence. From the fictional Temperance Brennan of "Bones" to George Dorsey, the first forensic anthropologist to receive a doctoral degree at Harvard, these scientists help solve crimes and resolve mysteries based on the human skeleton. The appearance and manifestation, in one individual, of the characteristics of both sexes, male and female: reproductive organs, physical form, and sexual behavior.

Understanding Trauma: A Psychoanalytical Approach (The

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On the other hand, progress will not be made unless promising new possibilities are explored. Mills (Eds. ), Cognitive dissonance: Progress on a pivotal theory in social psychology (pp. 149–174). If no one likes you, the odds are that you will start asking “What’s wrong with me?”—and making changes to the self when you reach some 328 The Social Self answers. This is not an isolated finding: Livesley et al. (1998) found similar structures in genetic and nonshared environmental components of traits related to personality disorder.